Incontinence Assessment Guide

Incontinence is an embarrassing problem that stops many people from leaving their home or having a relationship. More than 25 million Americans suffer from urinary incontinence in silence as they are too embarrassed to see their doctor about their symptoms. Urinary incontinence affects both men and women, but it tends to be more common in women overall.

The symptoms of urinary incontinence depend on the type of incontinence that you have. Use the table below to learn more about the types of incontinence and the causes.  If you suspect that you suffer from incontinence, you should seek the advice of your healthcare provider. Your doctor is best equipped to assess your situation and recommend treatment options.





Urinary: Leakage of small amounts of urine due to sudden pressure on bladder.

Bowel: Occassional fecal smears.

Cough, laughing, exercising, bending, or moving heavy objects.
Urge A sudden urge to urinate that is so strong it cannot be held long enough to reach the bathroom. Bladder spasms, strokes, diabetes, urinary tract infections or dementia.
Overflow Involuntary urination. Bladder muscles are unable to contain urine under pressure. Feeling of inability to empty bladder may be experienced.  Enlargement of prostrate gland, disorders of lower urinary tract or infection.

Urinary:  Involuntary urination without sensation of a full bladder. Unaware of need to urinate.

Bowel:  Occasional fecal episodes.

Herniated disk, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, or spinal cord injury.
Functional Involuntary urination which occurs when an individual cannot get to the bathroom fast enough Restricted mobility, arthritis, crippling disorders, medications, or psychosocial disorders.